What Are the Various Teeth Called and What Are They Made Of?

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

You’re aware that you use your teeth every day for chewing, and you may even know how important they are to your speech, but how much do you know about your tooth’s anatomy? Here is a quick primer.

  • Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and it covers the outer surface of your teeth. It is made mostly of an extremely hard mineral called calcium phosphate.
  • Dentin makes up the layer just below your tooth’s enamel. It consists of living cells that secrete a mineral substance.
  • Pulp is the soft, inner part of each tooth that contains its blood supply and nerves.
  • Cementum is made from connective tissue that binds the roots of your teeth to your gum tissue and jaw.
  • Your periodontal ligament holds your teeth firmly against your jaw.
  • The crown is the visible part of your tooth that you see inside your mouth. Your tooth root reaches below the gum line and into your jaw.

The Types of Teeth

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • The eight incisors are the middle teeth located on the upper and lower jaw—four on each.
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canines.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Your Teeth Healthy with Proper Dental Care

An affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, but even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you notice signs of a problem such as bleeding gums or visible discoloration of a tooth, see your dentist immediately.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Philadelphia, call Gentle Dental of Pennsylvania today at (215) 789-9675 or make an appointment.

Gentle Dental offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Philadelphia. With 14 affiliated practices in the Greater Philadelphia area, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Gentle Dental of Pennsylvania, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Gentle Dental of Pennsylvania.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
My dentist and her assistant was totally awesome. I got four teeth removed ans didn’t feel a drop of pain. Now that’s good service.
Jamal M.
I will definitely recommend the Blue Bell office.
Sara L.
Thank you Gentle Dental of Collingdale for stepping up for kids for Give Kids A Smile week! Thank you for helping make sure that all children can get good oral health care to stay healthy!!
Colleen M.
Very professionally run office,my appointment was on time and the staff extremely helpful. I met Denise as I entered, she was so pleasant and courteous and a joy to talk with. Any fears of being in a […]
Neal M.
I use to have dental anxiety until I started going to Gentle Dental of Springfield. From the minute I walked in the door until I checked out they were nothing but friendly and professional. I set my […]
Sean
Good service, great staff
Mihir S.
Everyone cares about the patients–from Dr. Minetola, Dr. Ferguson, the dental assistants to the staff in reception—and that makes for a positive experience.
Kathleen D.
Maribeth and Jackie do a great job
Mark W.
All was done on time, on budget and relatively painless.
Thomas M.
Dr Amrut is best dentist My teeth look great and he takes his time in doing my dental work. Everyone at gentle dental should also get 5 stars. They are the best
Ray S.
Short wait time in the waiting room, very thorough and gentle care
Gabriella B.
All my appointments with Gentle Dental so far have been positive. Staff is very courteous, professional and efficient with their positions. Tara who has done my cleanings (2) so far is very thorough […]
Judith P.
Friendly and efficient service
Felicia W.
Great staff. Shows care and understanding.
Portia D.
Being terrified of the dentist, I have never ever said this before, but I had a very pleasant dental experience with Dr. Machlus,, and this was for a root canal,,, not an easy thing to walk away from […]
Randi M.
I recommended Gentle Dental to my friend. She is as happy with the staff and service as I am!!
Diana R.
Before last week I had only ever gone to the same dentist since I was born. However, since they were only a pediatric dentist I had to stop seeing them once I turned 19 and had to find a new dentist […]
Takyra K.
I have had numerous procedures at Gentle Dental, and have always had a positive experience with both staff and results.
Dianne C.
Visit went well. Hygienist was nice and fast. The dentist was also nice.
Katrina T.
Your dental hygienist is an absolute pleasure!! She is always friendly and makes me feel very comfortable….I was in and out very quickly!!! Great experience every time I come in for an […]
Sandra H.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here